Monday, August 1, 2011

Self-Seeding Native Wildflowers and Plants

Want to have a meadow wildflower garden that you never need to replant? These are great self-seeding native wildflowers that will continue to give you bloom after bloom with out propagating or replanting. All are native to the United States that are profiled here.

Coreopsis grandiflora Hogg ex Sweet (Coreopsis, Largeflower Tickseed)
The largeflower tickseed grows one to two feet high and can have many stems to a plant. There are dissected linear leaves and bright yellow ray flowers. Blooms occur during May and June. Largeflower tickseed prefers partial shade and sandy soils. It can be propagated by division and by seed. It can self seed to the point of becoming invasive.

Coreopsis tripteris L. (Tall Tickseed)
This tickseed flower gets four to six feet tall and needs spacing of two to three feet. It likes full sun and is easy to grow in wet well-drained soil. Shorter flowers will appear in drier areas. It has bright yellow blooms mid-summer to fall. This is a self-seeding flower that will give you a longer lasting garden. Deadhead the flowers for optimum bloom time. It is also heat, drought, and humidity tolerant.

Impatiens capensis Meerb. (Jewelweed, Spotted Touch-me-not)
This flower gets two to six feet tall with an 18 to 24 inch spread zone. It likes shade and moist soil. There are pendent gold or orange blooms from July to October. It self sows, so deadhead to prolong bloom life. Butterflies and hummingbirds love jewelweed’s blooms, and so will you. This is an herbal remedy: crush leaves to put on bug bites, poison ivy, or razor burn. WARNING: Berries can be toxic if ingested.

Liatris spicata (L.) Willd. (Dense Blazing Star)
Another good pick for a bird or butterfly garden, this will grow up to four feet tall. It has violet to white flowers from July to September and will self sow freely. It prefers full sun or partial shade, moist acidic soil, and is very low maintenance.  Dense blazing star’s flowers look like a feather duster. It is a deer resistant plant. Propagate by seed that has been stratified.

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